Prostate cancer is second most common cancer in males Prostate cancer is generally seen after the age of 50 years but in smokers and with family history it can be seen as early as at the age of 40 years.
Symptoms Unfortunately in the early stage of prostate cancer there are no symptoms most patient sometimes experience some urinary difficulty or sometimes blood in the urine.
Most early prostate cancer cases are detected on testing of serum PSA Which is a very reliable test if the values are more than 4ng/dl.
Apart from serum PSA cancer prostate diagnosis involves a digital rectal examination by a urologist.
An MRI for the prostate and a bone scan to check for the spread of prostate cancer.
In newer modalities, PSMA PET CT Is found to be very effective in terms of identifying the spread of prostate cancer.
Definitive diagnosis requires biopsy of the prostate which is safe and does not cause any risk or spread of disease.
Treatment of prostate cancer depends upon the stage of the disease if the tumor is localised to the prostate and has not spread to any other part of the body it can be safely cured by simply removing prostate gland .
Location of prostate gland is deep into the pelvis therefore it makes the surgical removal of prostate with adequate margin a very tricky surgery .
Conventionally these surgeries were done by open method but with technological advancement new laparoscopic Technologies have made it possible to do the surgeries by minimally invasive methods .
Conventional open surgery for prostate in world significantly larger in season and significantly more bleeding Requiring blood transfusion during or after the procedure
New laparoscopic and robotic method give advantage of better visualisation deep into the deep pelvis along with lesser blood loss which generally doesn't require any blood transfusion in most of the cases.
Apart from this The Other advantages include early recovery after surgery small incision and early discharge from the hospital.